October 31, 2003,Vol. 14, No. 14
Outline of "Guidelines for Radio Spectrum Reallocation"
On July 30, 2003, a report entitled the "mid- to long-term outlookof radio spectrum use and roles of the government" (Report on Inquiry No.7: "Radio Policy Vision") was submitted by the Information and CommunicationsCouncil (Chair: Mr. AKIYAMA Yoshihisa). Based on the report, in orderto realize a ubiquitous network society through wireless broadband environment,MPHPT developed the guidelines for implementing a drastic review of spectrumallocation in the future.
The outline of the guidelines is as follows:
I. Background and purposes
1) aims at i) realizing a more comfortable and higher quality of lifethrough realization of a wireless broadband environment, and ii) revitalizingJapan's industrial/economic activities through expansion of the ICT market;
2) upon realization of a ubiquitous network society, implements drasticreview of spectrum allocation without adhering to the existing regulatoryframeworks, so as to ensure spectra necessary for facilitating introductionof core radio systems comprising the wireless broadband environment; and
3) upon the implementation, prepares basic regulatory frameworks forthe concrete revisions of "frequency assignment plan."
Concrete contents of the "guidelines for spectrum reallocation" areas follows:
1) To ensure spectra necessary for facilitating introduction of thefollowing core radio systems comprising a ubiquitous network society:
¥ Mobile communications systems:
Within five years, to ensure a bandwidth of 330 - 340 MHz mainly inthe 1.7-GHz band and 2.5-GHz band. Within five to 10 years, to ensurea bandwidth of up to 1.38 GHz mainly in the 5 - 6 GHz band.
¥ Wireless LANs, NWA systems:
Within five years, to ensure spectra meeting demands for a bandwidthof 480 MHz mainly in the 5-GHz band. Within five to 10 years, toensure spectra meeting demands for a bandwidth of up to 740 MHz mainlyin the 5 GHz band to be ensured.
¥ RFID, UWB, household electric appliance with ICT functions, etc.
To be studied in consideration of needs, technical requirements, trendsin R&D, etc.
2) Main issues of fundamental view for implementation of drastic reviewof spectrum allocation
¥ Encourage licensees to return redundant spectra not being used efficiently
¥ Reallocation of radio spectra, which are used for radio systems actuallyreplaceable with fiber-optic cables, etc., to other radio systems suchas mobile communications, for which radio spectrum use is indispensable
¥ Swift reallocation of radio spectra to new radio systems with higherdemand
3) To promote measures for facilitating spectrum reallocations
¥ Should reallocation need to be completed in a short term, e.g. threeyears from the formulation of a radio spectrum reallocation plan, incumbentlicensees will be forced to dismantle radio facilities that the licenseespurchased and constructed in the past and to purchase and construct alternativefacilities.
The Council recommends that MPHPT conduct studies on establishmentof a scheme to compensate incumbent licensees for reallocation costs suchas a portion of the remaining book value and the dismantling cost of theradio facilities, etc.
¥ Take leadership in discussions on radio spectrum at ITU, etc.
Dialogue between WSIS Goodwill Ambassador KUBO and Mr. Adama Samassekou,President of the WSIS Preparatory Committee
On October 11, 2003, NHK announcer KUBO Junko*1,who has been actively working as a Goodwill Ambassador to the World Summiton the Information Society (WSIS) since July 2003, interviewed with Mr.Adama Samassekou*2, President of the WSISPreparatory Committee (PrepCom) on the significance of WSIS in Geneva,where WSIS will be held in December 2003. The outline of the dialogueis as follows:
KUBO (Q) "Please let me know the significance ofthis WSIS, focusing on the information society?"
Samassekouu (A) "At the Summit,three major issues will be deliberated upon. Namely, eliminationof the digital divide; accelerated achievement of the U.N. Millennium DevelopmentGoals; and ensuring cultural and linguistic diversity. First of all,what I want to let you all know is that this Summit is an important milestonetoward a 'shared-knowledge' society and not simply a conference on ICT,but rather a social project on a global scale. UNESCO also explicitlynoted that 'we will build knowledge societies within a world of diversity.' In addition, the points that WSIS is made up of two phases*3and that all relevant stakeholders including governments are trying toshare recognitions are the features of WSIS."
Q "What are those changes being aimed for by WSISand how will these be accomplished?"
A "The first aim of WSIS is to deepen the recognitionof each member state's government as regards the fact that the world canbe changed through the use of ICT. Next, there is the need to promotesolidarity among us in order to resolve difficult problems such as addressinginternational socioeconomic differences. Therefore, WSIS will developa 'Declaration of Principles' that reflects the thinking of each memberstate and a 'Plan of Action' that indicates the measures that need to beimplemented."
Q "As the president of PrepCom, what do you thinkshould be included in the Declaration of Principles, etc.?"
A "Since there are negotiations ongoing concerninga variety of topics, as the president it is difficult for me to talk aboutthis. However, rather than including in the declaration many issuesyet unresolved by the stakeholders, it is more important to achieve a generalconsensus among the member states. Thus, it is thought that the declarationshould outline the principles for building an information society conduciveto the shared-knowledge society. During current discussions, no consensushas been reached by the stakeholders concerning such topics as the Internetgovernance and the establishment of world funds for digital solidarity."
Q "It must be a difficult task."
A "It is important that the stakeholders maintaina spirit of harmony, realized mutual understanding and attempt to wholeheartedlyfind a compromise. It is with such efforts that WSIS can become asuccess, no? I think that it is important for this WSIS to becomea 'summit of solidarity' and that it should realize solidarity betweengovernments and the private sector, between the private sector and civilsociety and between civil society and governments."
Q "Japan announced its 'e-Japan Strategy' in 2001and has attempted to build the world's most advanced information societythrough the concerted efforts of both the public and private sectors. As a result, Japan's ICT sector has progressed considerably. Whatare your expectations regarding Japan?"
A "It is possible for Japan to realize many things. We wish to find out how Japan henceforth will work to build an informationsociety and, in order to improve the current situation, want to hear abouthow Japan has up to now built up a good working relationship between thepublic and private sectors, for example. In addition, we think itis an honor to have Japan participate in WSIS, including its Summit events. Of course, the work of the WSIS Goodwill Ambassador is extremely importantas well. Kubo-san, let us work together to make this WSIS an overwhelmingsuccess."
Q "I will work hard too. Thank you very much."
1. For further information on Goodwill Ambassador KUBO,please refer to the following URL:
2. Mr. Samassekou, aged 56, was born in Mali. Hehas served as Malian Minister of Education and Spokesperson for the Governmentof Mali; his present position is President, African Academy of Languages(equivalent to a minister). He was elected President of PrepCom atthe first WSIS PrepCom.
3. The second phase of WSIS will be held in Tunis, Tunisia,in 2005.
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