The MS plays the role of "leading the ministry" by determining the way the ministry should be headed during the planning process, making the policies of the MIC and during the process of drafting bills.
The MS also oversees the entire MIC and coordinates paperwork within the ministry to ensure it is smoothly conducted,thereby making the ministry livelier.
The Administrative Management Bureau (AMB) works to make administrative organizations and administrative service more efficient and reliable for citizens. To that end, the AMB works to streamline administration, make it more efficient, and employ ICT to promote electronic government.
The AMB also makes appropriate use of laws to ensure fairness and clarity in administrative service, by such means as protecting personal information, disclosing information as required, and taking other means in administrative organizations.
The Administrative Evaluation Bureau (AEB) employs a nationwide investigation network consisting of regional administrative evaluation bureaus and administrative evaluation offices to conduct tasks regarding (1) policy evaluation, (2) evaluation of incorporated administrative agencies, (3) AEB surveys, and (4) administrative counseling.
And as the demand is high for switching from its conventional administrative system, the AEB will work to step up its functions even further in order to restore public confidence in administration.
To help local public entities ensure smooth administration, the Local Administration Bureau (LAB) works to promote regional decentralization, plans and drafts regional autonomous programs, develops regional administrative systems, steps up the administrative and financial foundations of basic autonomous bodies, builds a network system for Basic Resident Registers, creates energetic communities, promotes electronic autonomous bodies, internationalizes the regional level, develops and enhances regional local governmental employee programs, and works on other wide-ranging measures.
Regarding the election system, which is the most important system for the citizens to participate in politics, the LAB plans and drafts its measures in an attempt to establish a fair and appropriate election system.
Local Public Finance Bureau (LPFB)
The LPFB drafts plans for regional finance, thereby ensuring and coordinating funds for administrative services that meet various inhabitant needs, such as arranging welfare, school education, fire defense, roads, rivers, and other forms of social infrastructure.
The LPFB also works to reform the regional financial system to promote regional sovereignty reforms.
Local taxes are an important element of financing for prefectures and municipalities to provide education, welfare, fire defense, rescue, garbage management, and various other inhabitant services. Local taxes are therefore a membership fee for the community. By enhancing and reinforcing these local taxes, we proceed with regional decentralization and plan and draft taxation revisions corresponding to changes in the Japanese socioeconomic community.
The Statistics Bureau produces and disseminates relevant and reliable statistics, in cooperation with the Director-General for Policy Planning (Statistical Standards), and also plans and conducts important official statistical surveys, including the Population Census, to meet the needs arising from socio-economic changes.
The statistical system of the Japanese government is decentralized, in that each ministry produces statistics for its own policy purposes.
The Director-General for Policy Planning (Statistical Standards), being responsible for coordinating the statistical activities of different ministries, plans basic policy considerations for official statistics, examines statistical survey plans for approval, establishes statistical standards, and coordinates international statistical affairs.
Director-General for Policy Planning (Pension) deals with the pension service, which is the oldest pension systems in Japan, and examines applications for pension from, and makes payments to, former public servants who are not enrolled in the current mutual aid systems, the veterans of the previous war, and their bereaved family members. At the present time, over 90 percent of the recipients are the veterans and their bereaved family members.